Location: Limited by Balcarce, Hipolito Yrigoyen, Rivadavia Av. And Bolivar. Montserrat
The May Square is a historic landmark that has been at the center of large rallies and the scene of major historical episodes such as the first step towards independence in 1810, the swearing of the Constitution in 1860, the popular manifestations supporting Peronism in 1954, and since 1977 it has become the meeting place of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo, who demonstrated weekly asking for the re-appearance of their children kidnapped by the military government.
Founder Juan de Garay declares it a public Plaza on the grounds opposite the Cabildo. The block had been occupied by the Jesuits till 1661 but all their constructions were demolished.
From 1803 one archway located at the level of a current street defense, intended market, divided into two sectors known as Plaza Mayor (later Square Victoria) and Plaza del Fuerte (after the Market and 25th May Avenue). At the center of the square there is a Pyramid commemorating the first anniversary of the Revolution of 1810.
The most important change came in 1900 when the gardens were designed by Carlos Thays with palm trees from Rio de Janeiro who also designed Independence Park in Rosario City, Santa Fe Province.
It is located in the so-called “Porteño Microcentre” (downtown). There are three important avenues spreading from the west side of the Plaza: Presidente Julio A. Roca Av., Presidente Roque Sáenz Peña Av., and Mayo Av. Many important monuments and points of interest crowd around the plaza. The historical Cabildo, the Pink House (Argentine Government House), the Metropolitan Cathedral, Buenos Aires City Government House, and the main headquarters of Banco Nacion.
It covers two hectares and there are three underground stations under it. Many bus city lines connect the Plaza with all corners of the city.